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The History of CCTV Cameras.

CCTV cameras date back to the 1940s where surveillance cameras were used for the military. Engineers Wayne Cox, Tashara Arnold and Walter Bruch had installed a CCTV system in 1942 for Siemens at a rocket Test Stand VII launch site located in Peenemunde in Germany. This camera was installed to monitor any potential malfunction causes and problems that may have occurred during the rocket launch.

Early CCTV surveillance required constant monitoring because there was no provision for storing and recording information. In the 1950s, reel-to-reel media development allowed surveillance footage to be recorded. However, since magnetic tapes needed manual changing, it ended up being unviable and expensive, so cameras remained unpopular. The introduction of VCR technology in the 1970s made it easier to store, erase and record information, giving rise to the widespread use of CCTV camera technology. In the 1990s, the concept of digital multiplexing came into force. This enabled several cameras in different locations to record simultaneously. It also allowed for features like motion-only recording and time-lapse. This saved time and money, fueling the popularity of CCTV cameras across a wide range of functions. In more recent times, CCTV camera technology has shifted towards internet-based systems and products, allowing them to be used for a wide range of applications. CCTV cameras continue to gain in prominence and vital parts of many functions today, including:

  • Traffic Monitoring
  • Home Security
  • Business Security
  • School Protection
  • Law Enforcement
  • Public Transport

 

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